The G77+China Summit, held in Havana, Cuba, concluded with a final declaration that highlighted the importance of technology for development, the impacts of climate change, and the need for a reform of the international economic system. The summit, which is the largest gathering of countries from the Global South within the United Nations, was attended heads of state from Latin America, Africa, and Asia, as well as the United Nations Secretary-General and diplomats from over 100 countries.
The Havana Declaration stressed the urgent need for a comprehensive reform of the international financial architecture, with a greater emphasis on cooperation between countries and increased representation of developing countries in global decision-making and policy-making bodies. This reform is seen as essential for increasing the capacities of developing countries to access and develop science, technology, and innovation.
The declaration also criticized “digital monopolies” and “other unfair practices” that hinder the technological development of developing countries. It also condemned sanctions and coercive economic actions against developing countries, stating that such actions undermine the principles enshrined in the United Nations Charter and impede economic and social development.
The summit aimed to seek common positions among countries of the Global South so that their demands can be taken to other international forums. The summit’s opening ceremony saw speeches from Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel and UN Secretary-General António Guterres. President Díaz-Canel emphasized the importance of the Global South, calling for joint efforts to change the rules of the game and achieve the democratization of the international system.
The summit also raised concerns about the international patent system, international military spending, and the irrationality of resources that could be used to improve living conditions being directed towards other purposes. It highlighted the need for action at the national and global levels to ensure good governance, mobilize resources, and prioritize sustainable development.
The G77+China Summit served as a platform for countries from the Global South to come together and address common challenges. It called for a more inclusive and coordinated approach to global financial governance, increased access to technology, and the elimination of barriers that hinder development. The summit’s final declaration reflects the collective commitment to addressing the needs and aspirations of developing countries.